Human body angles into the PD customers
NF, Myspace, KB and Pound bases into the male and female patients having PD are provided when you look at the Fig. dos. I learned that many years (male: 66 ± eleven yrs old, female: 68 ± 8 years of age), condition years (male: eight.8 ± 4.7 age, female: 8.six ± 5.4 decades), HY stage (male: dos.8 ± 0.8, female: 2.seven ± 0.7) and Led (male: 501 ± 253 milligrams, female: 436 ± 233 mg) just weren’t significantly various other anywhere between sexes. NF position for men (twenty seven.six ± eleven.8) is somewhat more than in females (twenty-two.nine ± fourteen.9) (p = 0.01). Although not, other basics weren’t significantly different ranging from women and men (FB: 5.cuatro ± eleven.six and 2.dos ± 6.7, KB: 17.seven ± 7.seven and 19.6 ± 10.2, LB: 2.7 ± 3.nine and you may 3.5 ± step 3.cuatro, respectively).
NF, FB, KB and LB angles in male and female PD patients oasis active profile examples. NF angle was significantly larger in males than in females (P < 0.05), but FB, KB and LB angles showed no significant difference between males and females
Correlations anywhere between NF, Myspace, KB, Lb basics and you may health-related predictors (many years, condition period, HY stage and Contributed) are given during the Desk step 1.
FB (r = 0.246, p < 0.01) and KB (r = 0.359, p < 0.001) angles increased significantly with advancing age. Further, NF (r = 0.197, p < 0.05) and FB (r = 0.196, p < 0.05) angles were significantly associated with disease duration. All the measured angles increased significantly with advancing HY stage: NF (r = 0.350, p < 0.001), FB (r = 0.492, p < 0.001), KB (r = 0.381, p < 0.001) and LB (r = 0.213, p < 0.05). Finally, there was a significant association between LED and FB (r = 0.243, p < 0.01), but not the other angles. DDA showed no significant relationship with any of the measured angles. Mean values of LED and DDA were 472 ± 248 mg/day and 123 ± 120 mg/day, respectively.
Multiple regression analysis was performed to assess the relationships among these four predictors as explanatory variables and each angle as a categorical response variable. HY stage was the most explanatory variable for NF (partial regression coefficient (B) = 6.578, p < 0.001), FB (B = 5.976, p < 0.001) and KB (B = 5.614, p < 0.001), while LED was the most explanatory variable for LB (B = 0.004, p = 0.002).
Laterality out of initially symptom and you can Pound angle
The partnership anywhere between laterality of the first warning sign and Pound direction is examined. For 59 customers, the initial danger sign is to the right side and 43 customers, it had been to the kept (nearly symmetric 15, unfamiliar 3). Twisting front side (advice out of Lb position) was not associated with area of the 1st danger sign (Fig. 3).
The partnership between laterality of first symptom and you may Lb position. Flexing front side (direction regarding Lb position) wasn’t from the side of the very first symptom
Shared relationships certainly mentioned angles
Table 2 shows the relationships among the measured angles. NF and KB (r = 0.275, p < 0.01), NF and LB (r = 0.250, p < 0.01), FB and KB (r = 0.335, p < 0.001), KB and LB (r = 0.225, p < 0.05) were significantly positively correlated.
We also examined the relationships among the measured angles separately by age or gender, and the results are shown in Tables 3 and 4. When subjects were divided into a younger group (age less than 70 years old; n = 57) and an older group (age over 70 years old; n = 63), significant correlations were found only in the older group, between NF and LB (r = 0.269, p < 0.05) and between FB and KB (r = 0.375, r < 0.01). As to gender, different trends were found in men (n = 66) and women (n = 54), but significant correlations were seen between NF and LB and between FB and KB in both sexes.